Hideo Ohtani, President of JAFSE
Welcoming address from the chairman
Scientific research of fire in Japan is said to have begun in the wake of the Great Kanto Earthquake. The late professor Torahiko Terada, who is well -known by his famous remark "Disaster strikes when you least expect it", was a physicist representing Japan and he applied the scientific approach to understanding fire phenomena, such as study of the Great Kanto Earthquake, and to the education of fire prevention. He published an essay titled "Fire Education" in January 1933. He appealed the necessity of fire training of citizens in the essay by referring the ravages of the Shirokiya department store fire.
Japan Association for Fire Science and Engineering (JAFSE) was founded in 1950. Founders of JAFSE including the first chairman Yoshikazu Uchida had experienced the Great Kanto Earthquake, the Shirokiya department store fire, and also the Hakodate conflagration. They hoped to apply the research results of their own to preventing fires and reducing damages from them.
One of the problems of the study of fire prevention and damage reduction is related to the variety of research. To understand the essence of fire requires knowledge of physics, chemistry, as well as of the social environment, including housing for preventing house fire. Psychology is also required in order to understand evacuation behavior. Medical knowledge is also necessary to know impacts of smoke and heat on human body. To grasp macro fire phenomenon statistics might be necessary. JAFSE is open to professionals in all fields. By exchanging of opinions at JAFSE, we can understand how each others’ specialized filed relate to one other. We believe, thereby scientific elucidation and fire prevention technology continue to progress.
In addition, JAFSE holds seminars and lectures concerning fire science and engineering every year to introduce current knowledge and technologies. We believe it is also a major mission to make our society safer against fire.
In recent years, conflagrations in urban areas have become rare, while large-scale and complex buildings, and the large-scale hazardous material storage facilities are increasing. The developments of new high-energy materials have also been actively carried out. For example, the batteries of electric vehicles or personal computers are capable of being used for a long time as it they have large-capacities. However, if an accident would occur, they will release more energy than the traditional ones. Such high energy storing and concentrating are progressing with various equipment. A new type of fire which we have not experienced in the past has occurred often. We also believe that it is necessary to contribute to the development of fire prevention technologies corresponding to the changes of the social environment.
We would appreciate for your kind support and cooperation with JAFSE.
The 10th Asia-Oceania Symposium on Fire Science and Technology (10th AOSFST) will be held on October 5-7, 2015 in Tsukuba, Japan.
The 10th AOSFST will include presentations of peer-reviewed papers, key-note lectures by fire researchers invited from the world and poster sessions for a variety of topics and some exciting events. Asia-Oceania region is among the areas where fire science and technology are developing most rapidly. We heartily invite your participation, not only from Asia-Oceania region but also from any regions in the world.
<Special Feature Articles: Building Planning and Fire Evacuation Plans for Vulnerable People>
Introductory Note Editorial Committee of KASAI (1)
Evacuation Planning of Retail Stores for Evacuees in Need of Assistance H.Yoshimura (2)
Evacuation Safety Design and Evaluation for Hospital and Welfare Facilities S.Tsuchiya (8)
The Points of Fire Safety Design through Survey of Fire Drills at a Child Care Center Y.Furukawa, T.Sano (14)
A Summary of Evacuation Safety Design and Measures for High-rise Hospital H.Notake (20)
Evacuation Safety Measures for Peoples with Difficulty in Walking in Buildings
Tokyo Fire Department (26)
A Case Study on Evaluation of Evacuation Safety Based on Simulation for Residential Fire
M.Mizuno, T.Sano, S.Nakahama (32)
A Study on Prediction of Fire Behavior Considering Burning Property of Fuel in a Compartment D.Goto (38)
Report on Research Activities of Academic Promotion Committee and
Specialty Area Committees in Fiscal Year 2013 Academic Promotion Committee (42)
Report of Annual Workshop on “Fire Safety for Photovoltaic System” Academic Promotion Committee (46)
FIRE REPORT: An Explosion Fire Caused by Ignition of Methane Gas Generated in a Water Treatment Plant
Tokyo Fire Department (50)
FIRE AND DISASTER NEWS (54)
Abstract of the Article in the Bulletin of JAFSE (Vol.64, No.1, 2014) (55)
INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE INFORMATION (56)
In Memoriam: Professor Toshisuke Hirano, Honorary Member of JAFSE (57)
In Memoriam: Professor Philip H. Thomas (58)
Program of JAFSE Annual Symposium 2014 (59)
NOTICE BOARD (25)